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About WAFER

“The WAFER project, funded by the EPA Research Programme, aims to address identification and treatment options for waste streams containing certain flame-retardant chemicals. These include:

  1. Construction & Demolition wastes containing Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD).
  2. Waste Electrical & Electronic Equipment (WEEE), waste upholstery and End of Life Vehicle (ELV) foams containing Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs).”

The overriding objectives of WAFER are to:

  1. Evaluate the feasibility of using portable X-ray fluorescence spectrometers to accurately identify waste articles containing the brominated flame retardants HBCD and PBDEs above current and projected low POP concentration limits (LPCLs)

  2. Evaluate the options available for the treatment of waste articles identified as containing these regulated brominated flame retardants above current LPCLs.

These objectives will be achieved by a combination of field, laboratory and desktop work conducted within four work packages (WPs).

WP1- Establishment of Sampling locations
WP2- Sample Collection and On-site Monitoring of Bromine Content of Waste Articles
WP3- Evaluation of Validity of Portable XRF as a Measure of the PBDE and HBCD Content of Waste Articles
WP4- Evaluation of the options available for the treatment of waste articles identified as containing PBDEs and HBCDs above current LPCLs.

WAFER looks to develop simpler, more cost-effective ways of measuring BFRs in waste materials.